Incorporating: A Theoretical Trip of Constructive Journalism in China


This study examines the theoretical trip of constructive journalism ideas and their implementation in China, a country with a different social, cultural, and historical background than that of Denmark or other Western European countries where constructive journalism is practiced. Thirty-nine papers and discussion in Chinses 'Constructive Journalism: Ideas and Practices' Conference has been analysed to examine how Chinese scholars and journalists define 'constructive journalism' compared with the original 'constructive journalism' in the West and how is the concept of 'constructive journalism' applied in China and how to used it to describe the journalism practice. 

Chinese scholars and journalists believe 'constructive journalism' should be placed in the Chinese context, and the 'constructiveness'  of journalism is rooted in chinses society and historical background rather than a Western concept, which is regarded as an essential part of Marxist journalism. Positive psychology, as its theoretical foundation, is obscured in the Chinese context. At the same time, Chinese scholars and reporters have linked Typical Reports, Supervision Reports, Public News, and Think Tank-Type Media with 'constructive journalism' practices. They believe Western and Chinese 'constructive journalism' may have something in stock at the practice level, but the ultimate goal pursued can not be consistent. In the practice of constructive journalism in China, it has to pay attention to maintaining China's national ideology, adhere to the party's leadership, and protect the best interests of society. It reflects the openness and ambiguity of the concept of 'constructive journalism.' Still, Chinese scholars believe that as long as the reports are positive, problem-oriented, multi-inclusive, future-oriented, and rooted in positive psychology, it will not Influence the definition of the core values of constructive journalism.